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MA tööd 2017/2018

KEVAD

“ Turkey as a NATO Ally in the Post-Cold War Period”, Ayberk Bozkurt                                                                                                                                                Juhendaja: dotsent Peeter Müürsepp

This thesis principally aspires to observe and analyze the Republic of Turkey’s current position as an integral part of NATO, the generation time after the end of the Cold War when an arguably different Turkey had been evidently playing a different role in the region.

The following research questions, which will then be corresponding to the paper’s main two empirical data-gathering chapters, are to be answered: 1) from the Turkish side, what are the major driving forces and frameworks, which are firmly interconnecting Turkey with NATO? 2) from the NATO’s position, what are the factors that make it strategically unacceptable and institutionally unrealistic to lose Turkey as an ally.

The Deutsch’s concept of security community frames up this thesis and, together with the chosen methodological approach, will be discussed at length in the context of the main argument. This research essentially takes advantage of thorough qualitative data. In addition, comparative case study mechanisms are employed to illustrate the discussion: four different but relevant examples (namely interventions in Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan and the Missile Defense system), which evidently involved the participation of Turkey in NATO key missions are observed. Finally, the paper’s conclusion summarizes the findings, contextualizing them with the principal hypothesis on the Turkey’s prospective role in the NATO-bound framework.

SÜGIS

“The Neighbours View on China: the Cases of Japan, Vietnam and Taiwan”, Tiina Purru                                                                                                             Juhendaja: dotsent Peeter Müürsepp

The author divided the paper into three main themes in accordance with the case studies and analyzed the perceptions and how the relationship between either China and Japan, Vietnam, or Taiwan is affected. These three countries were selected as the case studies because they all have a historically complicated relationship with China and are involved with the ongoing conundrum in maritime disputes, whether it is in the South China Sea or the East China Sea.

To show trends in attitude in the relationship with China more clearly, the following research questions are to be answered:                                           1. What are the similarities and differences between Japan, Vietnam, and Taiwan, when it concerns foreign policies about China?                              2. What is being implemented in relations with the PRC?                                                                                                                                                                                              3. What are the current key factors for the trio’s public diplomacy when dealing with the PRC?

The author combined analysis of states behavior through evaluation of official documents and secondary sources, which are explaining influential factors like economic ties and historical background. The states’ relations are observed throughout different stages and methods of communication and diplomacy.